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Chapter Summary

The majority of the Jewish people in Palestine during the first century lived in small towns which in the Talmudic literature were usually called arim and only occasionally 'villages'. But there were two large Jewish cities, Jerusalem and Tiberias; Jews also resided in the coastal Hellenistic cities and in the Hellenistic Decapolis; but the greater part of the population lived in the smaller towns of Judaea, Galilee and Transjordan. Palestine enjoyed the benefits of a cultural tradition in the manufacture and use of diverse household articles. The young Jewish woman in Palestine was not imprisoned in her house or courtyard: she went to the well to draw water or to the market to shop and older girls might even find employment in shops. The Mishnah lists the duties of a married woman: she had to grind flour, bake, launder, cook, nurse her children, make the beds and spin wool.

Keywords: Galilee; Jerusalem; Judaea; married woman duties; Palestine Jewish people; Talmudic literature; Tiberias; Transjordan



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