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Religion in Everyday Life

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Chapter Summary

The striking characteristic of the Jewish people in the period of the Second Temple was the observance of the Law of the one God, as revealed in the written Torah and the oral tradition. That the whole life of the Jewish people, from hour to hour of its working days as well as on the solemn moments of sabbath and feast-day, was dominated by the Law is evident from talmudic tradition, Josephus and the New Testament, especially the writings of Paul. Writings from the Temple era regard the mezuzah as an acknowledgement of God's omnipresence and providence. The tefillin, were pieces of parchment containing certain verses from the Torah, and attached to the head and arms. In the period of the Second Temple and the Tannaim the recitation of the shema was not regarded as part of the daily prayer service but as a separate commandment.

Keywords: Jewish people; Josephus writings; mezuzah; New Testament; Paul writings; talmudic tradition; tefillin; Torah tradition



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