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The Calendar

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides regarding the calendar of the ancient Hebrews. The ancient calendar year have been based on a solar year of 365 days, which means that every four years, each date would have retrograded one day in relation to the sun. According to a variant of this theory, the solar calendar of the ancient Hebrews was that of the Book of jubilees, i.e., a calendar with a 364-day solar year, which means that every seventy years each date would retrograde about three months. The chapter gives various bits of information regarding the relationship of the lunar and solar years, which may possibly indicate one's familiarity with an eight-year or other cycles. The Slavonic Book of Enoch is exact about the lengths of the solar and lunar years, 3651/4 and 354 days, respectively, and about the difference between the two, eleven days.

Keywords: ancient Hebrews; Book of jubilees; lunar calendar; Slavonic Book of Enoch; solar calendar

10.1163/9789004275096_007
/content/books/b9789004275096s007
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