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The Septuagint

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Chapter Summary

The name 'Septuagint' denotes both the first Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible and the collection of Jewish-Greek Scripture, containing inter alia this translation. In order to distinguish between the two usages of the word, the collection of Jewish-Greek Scripture is generally called the 'Septuagint', while the first translation of the Bible is often named 'the Old Greek (translation)'. The Septuagint canon also contains some revisions of 'Old Greek' translations, dating from the first century B.C.E. until the second century C.E. Originally the LXX was a Jewish translation, and hence was quoted by Jewish historians (Demetrius, Eupolemus, Artapanus, Josephus), poets (Ezekiel) and philosophers (Philo). The vocabulary of the individual books of the LXX shows that different translators participated in its translation. The collection of LXX books contains both literal and free translations.

Keywords: Ezekiel; Hebrew Bible; Jewish-Greek Scripture; Old Greek translations; Septuagint



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