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The Latin Translations

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Chapter Summary

The Old Latin (OL), through its extremely faithful renderings, helps to elucidate words peculiar to Hellenistic Greek, or at least indicates how these were interpreted at the time. The dependence upon the Septuagint strikes the reader especially when the Latin version faithfully copies blunders of the Greek. The OL was perhaps the base of the Old Slavonic translation, and portions and whole books of it found their way into what later on became the standard Latin Bible, the Vulgate. This latter version, with regard to the books of the Old Testament (OT) one man's translation made from the Hebrew, must be considered a great and definitely a most influential literary accomplishment. Jerome's Vulgate accompanied the Western Church as it emerged to its dominant position; it was the focus of theological debates and scholarly studies. The early Bible translations into European vernaculars are based upon it.

Keywords: Hellenistic Greek language; Jerome's Vulgate; Old Latin (OL) translation; Old Slavonic translation; Septuagint

10.1163/9789004275102_010
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