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Use, Authority and Interpretation of Mikra at Qumran

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Chapter Summary

The documents of Qumran attest to a dual commitment: a commitment to the truth of the Tora and the prophecies (that of Moses and his prophetic successors), and a commitment to the truth of their interpretation of the Tora and the prophecies (that of the founding 'Interpreter of the Tora' and his succesor[s] the 'Teacher of Righteousness'). A consideration of the uses of Mikra in the Qumran scrolls must begin with a recognition of its privileged presence as a textual artifact. The authority of Mikra is furthermore evident through the variety of citations and citation-formulae employed in the scrolls, and through the various ways lemmata and comments are correlated. The sectarians believed themselves in possession of the True Interpretation of Mikra during the epoch of wickedness.

Keywords: ancient prophecies; Mikra; Qumran scrolls; textual artifact; Tora



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