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Biblical Interpretation in the New Testament Church

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Chapter Summary

Jesus and the New Testament (NT) church give a prominent place to the Old Testament (OT) in the formulation of their teachings. Biblical interpretation in the NT church shows in a remarkable way the Jewishness of earliest Christianity. It followed exegetical methods common to Judaism and drew its perspective and presuppositions from Jewish backgrounds. However, in one fundamental respect it differed from other religious parties and theologies in Judaism, that is, in the christological exposition of the OT totally focused upon Jesus as the Messiah. This decisively influences both the perspective from which they expound the OT and the way in which their presuppositions are brought to bear upon the specific biblical texts. Their perspective and presuppositions provide, in turn, the theological framework for the development of their exegetical themes and for the whole of NT theology.

Keywords: early Christianity; Judaism; Messiah; New Testament (NT) church; presuppositions



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