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The Historical Background

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Chapter Summary

One of the striking features of Second Temple history is the fact that most Jews, not only in the Diaspora but in Palestine as well, never experienced complete Jewish sovereignty. The chronological chart, listing the various rulers and regimes in Second Temple Palestine, clearly attests to this fact: 536-332 B.C.E., the Persian Period; 332-167 B.C.E., the Hellenistic Period; 167-141 B.C.E., the Hasmonean Uprising; 141- 63 B.C.E., the Hasmonean State; and 63 B.C.E.-70 C.E., Roman Rule (in varying stages and forms). The Hasmonean uprising set in motion a process that not only succeeded in destroying the hellenizing party in Jerusalem and effectively placing a halt to all further assimilation of the Jewish community into the surrounding Greek environment, but ultimately led to the creation of a national political entity, the Hasmonean state, that changed radically the course of Second Temple history.

Keywords: Hasmonean state; Hasmonean uprising; Hellenistic period; Jerusalem; Judaism; Second Temple history



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    The Literature of the Jewish People in the Period of the Second Temple and the Talmud, Volume 2 Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period — Recommend this title to your library
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