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Testaments

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Chapter Summary

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, Testament of Moses and Testament of Job are the only clear examples of testaments from the area under consideration in this chapter. The Test. 12 Patr. are preserved in Greek, Armenian and Slavonic. The Test. 12 Patr. are Christian in their final form, and constitute evidence for Christianity in the second or early third century. The Testament of Moses is simpler in form than the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, which typically include a narrative about the patriarch's life, to exemplify a vice or virtue, and a hortatory section. The Testament of Job is preserved in four medieval Greek manuscripts, a medieval Slavonic translation and a partial Coptic translation from the fifth century which is as yet unpublished. It supplies a new motivation for Satan's hostility to Job by having Job destroy one of his temples.

Keywords: Christianity; Greek manuscripts; Satan; Testament of Job; Testament of Moses; Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

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