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The Palestinian Talmud

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Chapter Summary

The final editing of the Mishna, Tosefta and Tannaic midrash collections marked the end of a period. It was followed by two-and-a-half centuries of specialized commentary to the Tannaic corpus: the period of the Talmud. The period of the Talmud is also known as the Amoraic period. The Talmud is an extension of Tannaic teaching. Two parallel processes of post-mishnaic teaching began, in Palestine and in Babylonia. This chapter addresses the question of how the Palestinian Amoraim related to the Mishna. After the Tosefta, the Palestinian Talmud is considered the most important source in all that concerns a basic interpretation of the Mishna. Four great centers of learning existed during the Amoraic period in Palestine: Tiberias and Sepphoris in Galilee, Lydda and Caesarea in the South. The Palestinian Talmud remained the Talmud of the Jews in Palestine for a great many years after the editing of the Babylonian Talmud.

Keywords: Amoraic period; Babylonia; Mishna; Palestinian Talmud; Tannaic teaching; Tosefta

10.1163/9789004275133_008
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