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Clement of Alexandria

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Chapter Summary

Clement is the first Christian author to make explicit mention of Philo Christianus, twice calling him a 'Pythagorean' and once referring to one of his works. Clement is described as being in charge of the Alexandrian catechetical school and having had Origen as one of his pupils. Clement mentions Philo four times by name. All four texts are located in the first two books of the Stromateis. In 1988 the Dutch scholar Annewies van den Hoek published a study entitled Clement of Alexandria and his Use of Philo in the Stromateis: an Early Christian Reshaping of a Jewish Modef. Also in the case of the other writings of Clement, a lengthy process of identification of Philonic material has taken place. This chapter deals with a number of contributions which attempts to give a general answer to the question: How to evaluate Clement's use of and debt to Philo?

Keywords: Alexandria; Alexandrian catechetical school; Clement; Philo Christianus; Stromateis



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