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Beginnings in the West

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Chapter Summary

Philo Christianus would have spoken Greek with his fellow-Jews during his stay in Rome. When the Christian community at Rome commenced in the mid-first century, Greek was the main language of discourse, as is clear from Paul's letter to the Roman congregation. By the mid-2nd century Latin was taking over as the language of conversation, but theologians connected with the Roman church, including Hippolytus, continued to use Greek until a century later. There is every reason to surmise that there were extensive connections between East and West in the first two centuries of the Roman Church, and that knowledge of Alexandrian theology, both in its Judaeo-Hellenistic and Christian form, will have reached there. The first Latin Christian writer of a stature comparable to the theologians and exegetes in the East is Tertullian. It is apparent that Calcidius is heavily indebted to anterior Greek philosophical sources.

Keywords: Calcidius; Greek; Latin; Philo Christianus; Tertullian

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