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The Two Ways as a Jewish Document

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Chapter Summary

The genre and provenance of the Two Ways has been the subject of debate since the first decades of the twentieth century. Shortly after the publication of the Didache in 1883, Charles Taylor and J.R. Harris argued for the Jewishness of the Two Ways with reference to parallels which were found in rabbinic literature. This chapter attempts to show that the confluence of a sapiential and dualistic stream in the Two Ways reflects the outlook of the pious Jewish circles from which the tradition emanated. Because the earliest form of the Two Ways tradition echoed in the Doctrina is obviously controlled by two opposing principles, the chapter's concern is with the widespread imagery of two contrasting ways in apocryphal and pseudepigraphical writings. The various traditions in the Way of Life segment are examined. The text, designated as the "Greek Two Ways", is basis for the discussion of the chapter.

Keywords: apocryphal writings; Jewish circles; Jewish document; pseudepigraphical writings; Two ways



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