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The Two Ways and the Sermon on the Mount

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Chapter Summary

There is widespread recognition that elements in Matt 5:17-48 closely agree with items in the Two Ways of the Didache. This view is buttressed in this chapter. The chapter highlights that the beginning and ending of the Sermon provide materials which are closely akin to the early layers of Derekh Erets literature and the Jewish Two Ways. It focuses on the statements of principle in 5:17-20 and the so-called antitheses in 5:21-48. It has often been postulated that these two literary units offer disparate or even contradictory assertions on Jesus' attitude to the Law. While Jesus is upholding the integrity of the Law in the first unit, he seems to be attacking Tora commandments in the subsequent section. In seeking to discover the evangelist's aim for both sections, the chapter looks for pivotal concepts and phrases and thematically related material.

Keywords: Derekh Erets literature; Didache; Jesus; Jewish hassidic circles; Sermon; Two Ways



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