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Chapter Seven: Exegesis of Chapters 56-66

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Chapter Summary

The majority of scholars follow Duhm (1892) and K. Marti (1892) who held that the Second Isaiah wrote in Babylonia and that another prophet, the Third Isaiah, wrote chapters 56-66 in Palestine as late as 457-445 B. c., dates which place him after Ezra's arrival (accepting, as they did, the earlier date for Ezra) and before Nehemiah arrived. It is seen that Isaiah 56-66 belong to the period following 538 B.C., when at least some of the exiles had returned to Jerusalem, and there were sharp contentions between the Babylonian Jews who had returned and the Palestinian Jews who had remained in Palestine all the time. The Palestinians are fighting all the time against 'the establishment', until ultimately they withdraw and form what is known as 'the Samaritan schism'. The teaching of the Second Isaiah has led to strife and contention which lasted for more than one generation.

Keywords: Babylonia; exiles; Ezra; Nehemiah; Palestinian Jews; prophet; Samaritan schism; Third Isaiah

10.1163/9789004275379_020
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