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Chapter Eight: Jerusalem from 538 B.C. To 397 B.C.

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Chapter Summary

There is every indication that the triumph of Judaism with its rigid policy of exclusiveness, the triumph of the returned exiles, the Babylonian Jews, did not take place until 397 B.C., which is taken to be the date of Ezra's arrival in Jerusalem. Babylonian Jews and Palestinian Jews lived together more or less harmoniously for a hundred years, from a little after 538 B.C. when the initial compromise was reached to 426 B.C. This is how it came about that the different points of view could both be embodied in Isaiah 56-66. It was a hundred years of argument, but not open conflict until Nehemiah came back again for his second term. It was thanks to St. Paul that the universalism which Jesus of Nazareth realised was inherent in the work of the Servant of the Lord triumphed over the Judaising leaders of the early Church.

Keywords: Babylonian Jews; Ezra; Isaiah 56-66; Jerusalem; Jesus of Nazareth; Judaism; Lord; Nehemiah; Palestinian Jews; St.Paul

10.1163/9789004275379_021
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