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F. C. FENSHAM, The treaty between the Israelites and Tyrians

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Chapter Summary

The vassal-treaty was made between the Israelites and Gibeonites. As result of certain indications in the Old Testament the author of this lecture argued for the possibility of a parity-treaty between Israelites and Kenites at a very early stage of Israelite history. It is doubtful whether nomadic or semi-nomadic groups should have written down a treaty, because of the lack of writing-material and because of the fact of their continuous movement from one place to another. It is true that the Hittite treaties testify strongly for written treaties, but this practice might not have been compulsory for all groups of the ancient Near East. An oral tradition should be just as binding as a written document. In the time of the early monarchy the treaty-tradition must have been firmly fixed in ancient Israel. To this contention testifies a clear reference of a treaty between Israel and Tyre.

Keywords: Gibeonites; Hittite treaties; Israelites; Kenites; Old Testament; Tyre; vassal-treaty



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