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H. KOSMALA, The term geber in the Old Testament and in the Scrolls

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Chapter Summary

It is a peculiar fact that the word geber is never used in that sense in the contemporary and later rabbinical literature, nor in any sense of man, except in the few biblical quotations containing that word. The word geber is once applied to a new-born male child, but one with a promising future (Job iii 3). The oldest application of the word geber will be found in the oracles of Balaam. There are many later passages especially in the Psalms and also in the book of Job describing a similar type of geber. Already in the Old Testament one has a clearly defined group of statements on the geber which show him as a man of particular spiritual qualities. It is this ideal of geber which figures in the religious thought of Qumran as the only type of man who pleases God.

Keywords: book of Job; geber; Old Testament; oracles of Balaam; Psalms; Qumran



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