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S. SEGERT, Hebrew Bible and Semitic comparative lexicography

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Chapter Summary

This chapter draws attention to some aspects of the study of the lexical material in the Hebrew Bible from the comparative view-point, in its past and at present. From the very beginning Semitic comparative lexicography has been conceived and developed as a discipline serving the interpretation of the Bible; the lexical material from the Old Testament, in original Hebrew and in the ancient Semitic versions, Targum, Syriac and Arabic, formed the bulk of the material on which the extant comparative dictionaries of the Semitic languages were based. For three centuries no Comparative Dictionary of Semitic languages has been published in which the progress in this field has been systematicaIly collected. The interpreter of the Old Testament finds himself in a difficult position with the numerous Hebrew homonyms. It is strange that Semitic comparative lexicography after its brilliant start in 1612 produced the last complete work in 1669.

Keywords: ancient Semitic versions; Arabic; Hebrew Bible; Old Testament; Semitic comparative lexicography; Syriac; Targum



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