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Summary-The Date of P

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Chapter Summary

On the date of P a wide variety of arguments have been appealed in support of a post-exilic dating. The linguistic argument has not been advanced, except in the unsatisfactory instance of Hurvitz. Grelot, has however, appealed to terminology in his comparison of P laws with those in use at Elephantine. Auerbach has argued from a literary form, that of the ten-point enumeration of law as well as from the use of the Babylonian calendar, but it is Kapelrud who has made the most use of the argument from terminology in an article not thus far surveyed. Kapelrud believes he can pinpoint the date of P or at least some parts of it to between Ezekiel and Deutero-Isaiah. The latter's use of such P terms as bara, tohu, reshith, "spring forth", "firmament" as well as his allusions to P narrative support a date for P of about 550 B.C.

Keywords: Auerbach; Babylonian calendar; Deutero-Isaiah; Egyptians; Kapelrud; P laws



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