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Chapter One: Word Studies

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Chapter Summary

An investigation of Joel must, deal very much with the problem of its time using all indications there are in the book as well as external ones. Thus the language of the book must be seriously taken into consideration in order to see whether it can give us some hints about the time Joel delivered his message. According to O. Procksch the apple, תפוח, Joel 1:12, was not cultivated in Palestine before the Persian period and Joel must therfore be of post-exilic origin. However, it can be disputed whether the word תפוח should actually be translated "apple". Whatever the translation, the occurrence of תפוח in some city names shows that the word has been known since the beginning of Israel's history in the land of Canaan.

Keywords: Joel 1:12; post-exilic origin



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