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J. P. M. VAN DER PLOEG, Slavery in the Old Testament

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Chapter Summary

This chapter talks about the fundamental nature of slavery in the Old Testament, its primary consequences and how they were looked upon. The chapter focuses only on the male slave, leaving the female slave or slave-girl out of consideration. The author tried to do some gleaning in the field of the institution of slavery in the Old Testament, to bring out some of its distinctive characteristics. It is found that the Old Testament did a definite attempt to raise the position of the Israelite slave; if possible, it would have abolished slavery amongst the Israelites themselves. Doing so, it also tried to raise the situation of the alien slave as a human being. It did not attempt to overthrow the ius gentium concerning slavery. It was not revolutionary in this respect. But it sowed a seed which in later times did contribute to its final and universal abolition.

Keywords: female slave; male slave; Old Testament; revolutionary



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