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M. J. DAHOOD, Ebla, Ugarit and the Old Testament

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Chapter Summary

The name "Ugarit" is intended as a double duty modifier or two-way middle, looking back to Ebla and ahead to the Old Testament. This chapter discusses first the linguistic classification of Eblaite. The qal passive perfect seems to be attested in PNN pù-tá-be, "He has been ransomed by Baal", and pù-ta-yá, "He has been ransomed by Ya". li-na, "to", exhibits afformative -na that characterizes some prepositions in Ugaritic, Hebrew, and South Arabic. When giving names to their children, parents often ask a blessing of the god; hence personal names are a rich lode for imperative forms. The hypocoristicon ma-gal-Iu, with the doubled final consonant, looks like the Heb. piel participle mekalleh, "the one who annihilates", predicated of God in Jer. xiv 22 and Job ix 22. Now the Ebla discoveries reveal a literary tradition in Canaan reaching back into the first half of the third millennium.

Keywords: Canaan; Ebla; hypocoristicon; linguistic classification; Old Testament; South Arabic; Ugarit

10.1163/9789004275522_006
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