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The Philistine Incursions into the Valley of Rephaim (2 Sam. v 17 ff.)

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Chapter Summary

The topographical and chronological difficulties in the narrative sequence of 2 Sam. v are the common stock of every commentary on the chapter and every text-book on the history of Israel. On the chronological side, the present order of the text places David's encounters with the Philistines in the valley of Rephaim after his capture of Jerusalem but the introduction to the account of the two battles presents at least the first of them as the immediate Philistine reaction to the anointing of David at Hebron before his successful assault on Jerusalem. From the topographical angle, the comment that in response to the Philistine invasion David "went down to the stronghold" makes better sense with reference to Adullam or some other hide-out of David's Hebron period than to the acquired "stronghold of Zion".

Keywords: Adullam; David; Jerusalem; Philistine; valley of Rephaim



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