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Le Thème De La Circoncision Du Coeur (Dt. Xxx 6; Jér. IV 4) Dans Les Versions Anciennes (Lxx Et Targum) Et À Qumrân

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Chapter Summary

The use of the metaphor of the circumcision of the heart in biblical and Jewish tradition is of interest either because of its connections with important topics such as the "new alliance" and the "new heart" or because of the role played by the dialectic physical circumcision in the old Judaism and early Christianity. This chapter shows how the later Jewish tradition has occasionally taken the metaphorical interpretations or grafted on the texts new meanings, driven by the evolution of religious thought. In the history of the interpretation of the Old Testament, the first sources to be examined are the Greek versions. It also consults the writings of Philo and Josephus, as representatives of Hellenistic Judaism. The essential texts, revised by the Greek translators are It resumed and key traits are identified. In the Qumran texts, physical circumcision takes little space.

Keywords: biblical and Jewish tradition; physical circumcision; Qumran texts; Hellenistic Judaism; Greek versions



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