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The Site of Salem, the City of Melchizedek (Genesis XIV 18)

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Chapter Summary

Genesis xiv 18-20 tells of the meeting between Abram and Melchizedek, the king of Salem. The certain reference is found in Ps. lxxvi 3, where the parallel Zion shows that Salem must be Jerusalem. The view that Salem was Mount Tabor is not found before the 10th century A.D., and it has been adequately refuted by Barnabè. The identification of Salem with Jerusalem, which probably remains the opinion of the majority of scholars, has been challenged since the appearance of the author's article, and the old alternative view that it was Shechem or somewhere near it has been revived. In discussing the case for linking the Salem of Melchizedek with Shechem, it is important to bear in mind the three ways of interpreting the connection.

Keywords: Genesis; Jerusalem; Melchizedek; Salem; Shechem



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