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The Readers Digest® Account of Jeroboam: An Analysis of 3 Reigns 12:24a-z

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Chapter Summary

The first section in Kings that includes material about Northern prophetic activity is the Jeroboam cycle in 1 Kings 11-14. What is particularly interesting and important about this section is the lengthy "supplement" in the LXX at 3 Reigns 12:24a-z. Its text is important enough to reproduce with a translation. The "supplement" account divides neatly into five sections. It begins in v 24a with the concluding formula for Solomon and the initial formula for Rehoboam. This is followed by three extended narratives. One view characterizes the "supplement" as "midrash" or even a "jumble" of midrashes. D. W. Gooding has been the primary advocate of this view. He sees the "supplement" as a kind of midrash on the MT whose purpose was to vilify Jeroboam, in deliberate contrast to the other LXX account, which sought to whitewash Jeroboam's character.

Keywords: D. W. Gooding; Jeroboam cycle; LXX account; midrashes; Northern prophetic activity; Rehoboam; Solomon



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