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The ‘northern One’ in the Composition of Joel 2,19-27

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Chapter Summary

The passage Joel 2,19-27 presents YHWH's answer to Israel's repentance after the trial of locusts and drought and the announcement of the approach of the Day of YHWH. After an introduction proclaiming YHWH's zeal and compassion (hml) for his land and people (2,18), vs. 19 starts the 'Erhörungszuspruch' (WOLFF). This is a form of oracle of salvation, in which YHWH encourages his people, transforming the earlier words of doom (Joel 1,1-20; 2,1-11) into words of salvation and blessing. There are in the pericope two main issues that have been discussed by several scholars. One of them, the problem of the mōrè liṣdāqā (vs. 23a) was treated by the present writer in a previous memorial volume, also dedicated to Professor van der Woude. The other one is the question what is to be understood by the 'northern one' in vs. 20.

Keywords: Israel's repentance; Joel; mōrè liṣdāqā; salvation; van der Woude; YHWH's compassion; YHWH's zeal



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