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Michael and Gabriel Angelological Problems in the Book of Daniel

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Chapter Summary

This chapter concentrates on the two figures that are dominant in the angelology of the Book of Daniel: Michael and Gabriel. A feature that is common to both is conspicuous in an Old Testament context: they have names. There has been a development from the anonymous mal'ak YHWH of the Old Testament to archangeis, individualized, with special functions and with personal names. This development may have taken place under foreign, perhaps Persian, perhaps also Babylonian, influence, and it is always of great interest to trace foreign influence in Jewish religion. The chapter traces in the angelology of the Book of Daniel features that represent an interior development, i.e.: features that have grown out of ideas or notions that can be found in cIassical Israelite religion as one know it from the earlier books of the Old Testament.

Keywords: Babylonian; Book of Daniel; cIassical Israelite religion; Gabriel; Michael

10.1163/9789004275737_012
/content/books/b9789004275737s012
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