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Chapter Summary

This is the introduction chapter of the book, which contributes toward the understanding of opaque aspects of Tg Latter Prophets. A significant part of the early debate was concerned with the ben Uzziel attribution; where this was set aside, the talmudic association of the Targum with R. Joseph of Pumbeditha provided an obvious, and usually welcome, alternative. The dating of Targum texts on basis of actualizing references to events and developments in the post-biblical period has often been tried, with Churgin and Smolar and Aberbach probably the most conspicuous practitioners in the present century. More detailed investigation shows the extent of the phenomenon within the Targumic literature generally, and helps to establish its integrality within Tg Prophets. The question of the relationship between Tg Habakkuk and the Qumran Habakkuk pesher even more obviously calls for discussion, especially since this may have consequences for the date of origin of Tg Habakkuk.

Keywords: ben Uzziel; post-biblical period; Qumran; Targumic literature; Tg Habakkuk; Tg Prophets



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