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Chapter Two: Analysis of Selected Chapters from Proverbs

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Chapter Summary

Scholars differ as to the literary role of this first chapter in Septuagint of Proverbs. B. Gemser sees it, and more specifically verses 1-6, as a superscription to the whole book. Whybray takes verses 1-5 as the original preface to Prov 1-9. McKane regards verses 1-7 as the introduction to the book and divides the rest of the chapter into the following parts: verses 8-19 and verses 20-33. According to the Massoretes this chapter is divided into three parts: verses 1-7; 8-18 and 19-33. In the writings of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, "speculative wisdom" became the dominant nuance. This metaphysical perspective made way for the more ontological dogmatic system of the Stoics, which was the prevailing one when the Septuagint was translated. The author suggests interpretation which is based on a reading of the whole of the chapter and according to which there are actually external reasons for these additions.

Keywords: Massoretes; ontological dogmatic system; Septuagint of Proverbs; speculative wisdom



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