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The Citations of Yahweh in Isaiah 44:26-28

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Chapter Summary

The influence of the psalms of Yahweh's kingship is evident in the passages heralding Yahweh's advent in Isaiah 40:1-11 and 52:7-10 and in the passage closing "Deutero-Isaiah". The self-predications of Yahweh introducing many of his speeches echo the participial praises of the Psalter. Remarkably, all of the citations of Yahweh in Isa 44:26-28 are echoed peculiarly in the Psalter. Isaiah 44:28 is largely a parody wherein titles and roles that belong to David and Moses are applied to the pagan Cyrus. The image of Yahweh's commanding "the deep" to "be dry" in Isa 44:27 makes little sense within the immediate literary context of 44:24-45:7 and the immediate historical context of the Babylonian exile. The parallels are concentrated in three verses in Isa 44:26b-28 but are scattered among several psalms, each of which reflects distinct concerns and each of which uses its parallel phrase very differently.

Keywords: Babylonian exile; Cyrus; David; Isaiah 44; Moses; parody; Psalter; Yahweh



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