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The Rabbinic Tradition Concerning the 'Alterations' Inserted into the Greek Translation of the Torah and their Relation to the Original Text of the Septuagint

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Chapter Summary

Various passages within rabbinic literature cite a series of alterations which were inserted into the Greek translation of Torah. This chapter examines background of this rabbinic tradition, as well as its importance for LXX studies. The various sources list a different number of alterations and at times explicitly state the number at the head of list. The circumstances under which the alterations were inserted in the LXX are described in the introduction to the list, whether in brief or in detail, and the name King Ptolemy, 'for' whom the translators 'wrote' their translation, is mentioned in all the descriptions. A few traditions speak of 'writing' of the passages, while others speak of the 'change' from the Torah. In view of this situation, it is suggested that the passages in the list of alterations reflect the original text of the LXX, while the archetype of all the known manuscripts was corrected.

Keywords: exegetical alterations; Greek translation; LXX studies; rabbinic tradition; Torah



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