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Midrash-Type Exegesis in the Septuagint of Joshua

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Chapter Summary

The critical investigation of midrashic elements in the Greek translations of the Bible began with Z. Frankel and reached a state of refinement in additional studies, especially by L. Prijs and D.W. Gooding. Further study is needed in order to solidify our criteria for the identification of Midrash-type exegesis in the LXX. The analysis of midrashic elements in Joshua is thus more complicated than the description of similar elements in Isaiah, Daniel, and Proverbs and no clear distinction can be made between midrashic elements presumably found in Hebrew manuscripts of Joshua and Midrash-type exegesis introduced by the translator. This short, non-exhaustive study illustrates some principles of Midrash-type exegesis and exemplifies the methodological problems involved. Since Israelites were punished subsequently with forty years of wandering (Num 14:33 ff.), the whole period may be calculated at forty-two years, as in the LXX of Josh 5:6.

Keywords: Daniel; Hebrew manuscripts; Isaiah; Joshua; midrash-type exegesis; septuagint



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