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The Composition of 1 Samuel 16-18 in Light of The Septuagint

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Chapter Summary

In 1 Samuel 16-18, the story of the encounter of David and Goliath and its aftermath, the LXX differs greatly from MT, lacking 39 of the 88 verses of these chapters. The point of departure for a new analysis must be the recognition that the translation of 1 Samuel 17-18 has to be studied as a whole and that any solution suggested should take into account, not only minuses, which provide no clues for a solution, but also pluses, variant readings, and translation technique. Five aspects of the LXX are analyzed here: linguistic versus exegetical renderings; word order; quantitative representation; consistency in translation equivalents; Hebraisms in the translation. It is clear that the Masoretic version of 1 Samuel 16-18 was created by the juxtaposition of the two separate accounts of the events, the complete version 1 and the partial (or partially preserved) version 2.

Keywords: composition; exegetical renderings; Hebraisms; masoretic version; Samuel; septuagint; translation technique



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