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Transliterations of Hebrew Words in the Greek Versions

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Chapter Summary

Both ancient and modern presentations of Theodotion stress that Theodotion had much in common with the LXX1 and that he is best characterized by his tendency to transliterate Hebrew words ·instead of translating them. Transliterations occurring in Th-Daniel have been shown convincingly by Schmitt, Theodotion that Theodotion and Th-Dan cannot be identified as the same individual. A second criticism of Field's characterization of Theodotion refers to the relation between the number of transliterations in Theodotion and in the LXX. A classification of the types of transliterations of the LXX and Theodotion helps us to determine why this revision technique was adopted. The transliterations may be grouped in four categories, each of which has a different background: proper nouns; technical terms; words probably unknown to the translator, which thus remained untranslated; and transliterations of common nouns erroneously transliterated as proper nouns because of the context.

Keywords: Greek versions; Hebrew words; Kaige-Th revision; proper nouns; Theodotion; transliterations



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