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Chapter Summary

The traditions of 1 Kgs 3-11 and the ascriptions of several books and parts of the Hebrew Bible that associate wisdom with Solomon do not provide reliable sources for associating Solomon historically with the Book of Proverbs. The tradition of Solomon's wisdom is a combination of history and legend similar to that of Luqmân among the Arabs. Some proverbs were used in the court setting. The royal court of al- Ḥîra is a clear example of a setting where proverbs were cultivated. Proverbs were an integral part of daily life. Several proverbs reflect a bedouin setting. Fox argues for the development of the religion of Proverbs in three stages: Egyptian, Yahwistic, and theological. According to him "[the] change from stage to stage is made through additions rather than through fundamental reworking of earlier material".

Keywords: Arabs; Book of Proverbs; Hebrew Bible; royal court of al- Ḥîra; Solomon



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