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Haggai 2:10-19

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Chapter Summary

This chapter begins with a formula of introduction consisting of a dating formula following the order: month-year-day, followed by a Word-Event Formula as in 1:1 and 2:1. Haggai's first question concerns an instance when sacred meat, that is the flesh of an animal offered on the altar, is transported outside the sacred enclosure, carried within the fold of a garment. The second question concerns the transmission of impurity. An exegesis of the passage that views ritual purity as a metaphor for ethical integrity has been proposed by commentators both ancient and modern. Mason adds an eschatological element to the ethical interpretation of the passage. A more promising approach begins by understanding Haggai's questions to the priests as a "prophetic-symbolic action". In this pericope, Haggai draws his phrases and concepts from several traditions: priestly theology, Deuteronomism and wisdom.

Keywords: Deuteronomism; eschatological element; exegesis; Mason; priestly theology; prophetic-symbolic action; ritual purity; sacred enclosure; Word-Event Formula



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