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The Text of the Hebrew Scriptures at the Time of Hillel and Jesus

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents a picture that the author has gradually formed of the text and text history of the Scriptures at the time of the birth of rabbinie Judaism and Christianity. Biblical books grew organically and dynamically over the centuries. The author finds that in orthography, the scroll may be secondary. The text that had been known as a static text was demonstrated to be the product of organic development that could be partly traced. The author states that virtually all the biblical books are the result of a lengthy compositional process. The scrolls of the Scriptures from Qumran have shown us many surprising differences from the Masoretic textus receptus. The author feels that there is a need for revised mentalities and for refined categories, terminology, and criteria for assessing the text of the Scriptures in antiquity. Author opines that quotations from authoritative texts at Qumran need exhaustive analysis.

Keywords: biblical books; Hebrew Scriptures; Hillel; Jesus; Masoretic textus receptus; Qumran; rabbinie Judaism; Scriptures from Qumran; Text



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