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Chapter Summary

The author notes the examples of Chen Liang's redaction in the late twelfth-century, and Cui Xian's in the sixteenth century. The eleventh century thus marks the end of its fluidity. The subsequent history of the Zhongshuo's transmission is the history of a fossilized text, with all its scribal and factual errors, its internal contradictions and hagiographical exaggerations, permanently encrusted. Ruan Yi's career was both more prosperous and more turbulent. He too began his service in a regional office - a judge in the Zhenjiang Military Prefecture. Even so, the very circumstance that Zhu Xi devotes as much attention as he does to the subject of "fabricated texts", like the circumstance that a controversy began to rage over the status of the Zhongshuo and its representation of Wang Tong, is a signal of the period's changing attitudes toward authorship and editing practices.

Keywords: Ruan Yi; Wang Tong; Zhongshuo; Zhu Xi



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