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Appendix III: The Closure of the Asklepieion and Parthenon in 481–484

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Chapter Summary

Different historical synchronisms of the events of 481-484 have been discussed in their local contexts. Marinus of Neapolis' life of Proclus suggest rather baldly that the closure of the Parthenon came not long before the philosopher's death in 485. The two quasi-Justinianic laws found in the Codex Iustinianus rather more probably go back to the emperor Zeno's attempts to suppress the pagan factions backing Illus' rebellion that lasted 481-488. George of Alexandria's clear allusions in his life of John Chrysostom to both these edicts puts the terminus post quern of the laws in 481 and the terminus ante quem in 485 at the latest. The temple of Aphrodite at Aphrodisias seems to have been dismantled around the same time. The archaeologists have had little on which to base their dating arguments for this except the stylistic features of the marble panels used in the "temple church" emplaced within the temerlos.

Keywords: Aphrodisias; Aphrodite; Codex Iustinianus; John Chrysostom; Parthenon; quasi-Justinianic laws; terminus post quern



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