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The “Third Road” Concept in 1956 Hungary

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyzes the Hungarian "Third Road" concept and policies from a historical perspective. People critical of the communist regime suggested the concept in the event of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. There are several definitions of the "Third Road" concept. In fact, an approach similar to the "Third Road" concept had already been emerging during the late-1930s, during World War-II (WWII) and during the post-war People's Republic periods. Towards the end of WWII, as Soviet influence on Hungary seemed to increase, László Németh again discussed the "Third Road", envisaging postwar Hungary at a populist conference held in Szárszó in August 1943. In the period of people's democracy after WWII, István Bibó of the National Peasant Party advocated synthesizing "Western" democracy and "Eastern" democracy. The chapter presents how Prime Minister Nagy outlined his program of economic and political reform, a program which would undermine the existing system of "Stalin-model socialism".

Keywords: communist regime; Hungarian revolution; István Bibó; László Németh; Nagy; post-war People's Republic periods; Stalin-model socialism; Szárszó; Third Road concept; World War II (WWII)



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