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4 The Septuagint

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Chapter Summary

This chapter begins with a brief consideration of initiative and agency, before looking at how 'heart-transformation' is understood by the Septuagint translators. With respect to questions of initiative and agency, the Septuagint translations do very little to resolve the ambiguity of the Hebrew text. An investigation of the LXX is more fruitful when it comes to the operation performed on the heart. Furthermore, God's transforming work in LXX Deuteronomy 30:6 focuses on rectifying the consequences of Israel's idolatry, but not so much its cause. Even though LXX Jeremiah 4:4 might not tell us a great deal about initiative and agency, it does witness to how the heart-circumcision metaphor was understood by one of its earliest interpreters. The Septuagint serves as an important foundational step in the tradition's development. The LXX does evidence two different metaphorical interpretations of heart-circumcision, either as connoting purification or the reorientation of the will.

Keywords: Deuteronomy 30:6; human agency; Jeremiah; Septuagint



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