Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Landholding and Law in the Early Islamic State

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

The question of land-tenure, how Muslims owned land, if they did, and the legal and fiscal status of such land in the early Islamic state in the three centuries which followed the early Islamic conquests remains problematic. This chapter argues that there was an "Islamic norm" attributed, probably rightly, to the caliph ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb. According to this norm, the lands conquered in the first decade of the Muslim expansion would not be distributed to the conquerors but would rather be kept as the communal resource of the Muslim community, and the revenues collected, the fayʾ, would be paid out to them in payments known as ʿaṭāʾ. This policy is clearly explained in the work of the late eighth-century jurist Abū Yūsuf al-Anṣārī, whose writings on fiscal affairs seem to reflect official practice in the early ʿAbbāsid period.

Keywords: ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb; Abū Yūsuf al-Anṣārī communal resource; fiscal status; Islamic conquests; Islamic norm



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Diverging Paths? — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation