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Old farming mountain systems in Loriga cultural landscape

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Chapter Summary

Humanity has a new relationship with nature, a universal and globalised anthropocentric action emerges: the great natural frames cannot exist longer, the wild landscape becomes transformed by human activity. Thus, the cultural landscape concept was born, mixing unpredictability of landslides with the dynamic balance and harmony of human labour and biodiversity. Besides production values, the peasant's cultural landscape have economic values which can be measured by the market and are significant. That's the case study of the Loriga community in the Serra da Estrela. In Loriga, the built heritage covers area of about 180,000 m2, with an estimated value of 50-70 M€. The landscape's use and readability is a metamorphosis, which generates economic value. The epic and the monumentality of Loriga landscape, built by the peasants, shepherds and foresters, give it an aesthetic and cultural value to tourists which is cultural as well as natural.

Keywords: Loriga cultural landscape; Serra da Estrela



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