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High Nature Value farming and food security in Europe

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Chapter Summary

The impact of land take and soil sealing in urban pressure areas on food security and the environment has been addressed by the EU Commission. The possibilities of High Nature Value (HNV) farming to underpin food security in urban pressure areas are assessed in this chapter, while taking into account the comparative advantages of minimized distances between food production areas and urban markets. The need for halting biodiversity loss and the weak provision for other public ecosystem services is accepted in Europe. Extensive farming in HNV agricultural areas can contribute to future sustainable food production in Europe. The chapter highlights that maintaining HNV farm land could be useful to reduce the use of cereals for fodder to produce meat, while providing other services to society. The interest in HNV farming as a major resource of biodiversity in Europe has been developed in response to intensification of HNV farm land.

Keywords: ecosystem services; Europe; farming security; food security; high nature value (HNV)



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