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4 Brezové mire; the jewel in the crown of Slovak mires

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Chapter Summary

The Brezové calcareous spring fen is a small dome-shaped mire of approximately two hectares. This mire is a very well developed ground water fed fen system. Although very small, it is the most pristine calcareous mire in Slovakia. The Brezové fen is situated in the eastern part of the Liptovská Kotlina Basin, which is the wide depression between the High and Low Tatra Mountains. The base of the basin consists of Mesozoic calcareous sediments. An eco-hydrological approach was used to investigate the mire. This approach combines various methods of hydrology, soil and vegetation science, with the aim of describing the whole fen system and its relation to the surroundings. Mowing is recommended as a primary conservation tool. The mire also needs a hydrologic buffer zone where surface water run-off during severe rainstorms is stemmed as far as possible.

Keywords: Brezové mire; ground water fed fen system; Liptovská Kotlina Basin; mowing



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