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7 Fen meadows of Abrod; in urgent need of protection

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Chapter Summary

In 1964, Abrod was declared a National Nature Reserve with an area of 92 hectares. It is located in the Borská nížina lowland in western Slovakia, close to the capital, Bratislava. The main purpose for the creation of this reserve was the protection of calcareous fens and purple moorgrass meadows. Abrod is the largest remaining lowland fen meadows complex in Slovakia. It has been recognised as a unique botanical and zoological location since 1923. The geological situation of Abrod and surroundings is described by Kullman and Polesň ák. An eco-hydrological approach was used to investigate the fen meadows of Abrod. This approach combines various methods of hydrology, soil and vegetation science, with the aim of describing the fen meadows and their relation to the surroundings. The best preserved vegetation types in Abrod are fed by iron-rich groundwater during spring and winter.

Keywords: Abrod; Borská nížina; eco-hydrological approach; fen meadows; iron-rich groundwater; National Nature Reserve



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