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Chapter 18: The Pannonian Great Plain a flourishing garden?: Water as a key to the history and future of the central lowlands in the Carpathian basin

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Chapter Summary

The symbolism of garden and landscape has common roots: it is the relationship of culture and nature. The Europe's Famous Garden concept connects the rich potential and diversity of the landscape with its role in the heart of Europe. Humans have shaped the Carpathian Basin over several thousand years: the remains can be traced back to the Bronze Age. The first settlers used the loess on the flood-safe plateaus, where permanent changes resulted from the felling of deciduous forests, pasturage and ploughing. The Pannonian Plain is the birthplace of the Hungarian people's European history. A famous writer explained that the resonantly open pronunciation of Hungarian makes it the perfect language to carry over the sweeping plains. Travellers and geographers sometimes described it as a world of a great diversity, and also of ambiguity and extremes.

Keywords: agriculture; biodiversity; Carpathian Basin; European history; Hungarian people; Pannonian Plain



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