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2. Classification

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses different systems of classification, mostly the phylogenetic and the classical morphological approach. The phylogenetical classification should reflect evolutionary relationships between species and is based on cladistic methods. The chapter deals with Microdriles and Megadriles. The Microdriles are the families with, on the average, the smaller species with aquatic way of life and the Megadriles are the larger earthworms with a terrestrial to amphibious habit. A number of families within the oligochaetes can be recognized. In the area studied the following families occur: Lumbriculidae, Dorydrilidae, Haplotaxidae, Naididae, Propappidae, Enchytraeidae, Almidae, Lumbricidae, and Sparganophilidae.

Keywords: Haplotaxidae; Megadriles; Microdriles; Naididae



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